Following a request about who the “John Moffat” is mentioned in the large circular window which is currently boarded up in the church, I received this wonderful letter from George McGrattan detailing a biography of the man;
Records at Liberton Parish Church in Edinburgh show that John Moffat was born on 7th May 1818, the son of John Moffat and his wife Barbara Brown.
So, what is John Moffat’s connection with Ardrossan?
Well, he was a Civil Engineer who came to Ardrossan and helped develop Ardrossan Harbour, evenutally becoming the Harbour Manager as this obituary for his sister (Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald, 28th November 1902) intimates;
“In 1843, John Moffat, so long honourably connected with the Harbour, began his visits as engineer of the Wet Docks and to his untiring efforts, the present day prosperity of Ardrossan is largely due.”
Throughout his working life, John Moffat featured in several newspaper reports both locally and in the Glasgow Herald including:
- being toasted by the Earl of Eglinton at the opening of Ardrossan Docks in 1845
- being a founder member of Ardrossan Volunteer Corps in 1859
- presenting the 4th Ayrshire (Ardrossan) Artillery Volunteers with brass musical instruments in 1874 (which I detailed in my last article The John Moffat Window)
- paying for the distribution of twenty tons of coal to the poor in 1875
- opening the bazaar on behalf of the Volunteer Band in 1875
- being associated with the Ardrossan branch of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1876
- addressing the Ardrossan Young Men’s Society For Religious Improvement in 1877
As I mentioned in my previous article, on 18th November 1874, at the age of fifty-six, John married Jessie Arthur who was only twenty five years old.
Having settled in Ardrossan as a single man, initially living in Montgomerie Street (according to the 1851 census) and latterly at 11 South Crescent (according to the 1861 census), John and Jessie moved to Glasgow where their two children were born, Edith in 1876 and John in 1879.
According to the 1881 census, the Moffats lived at 7 Woodside Terrace, Glasgow and as well as being described as a civil engineer in the census, he was also described as a Justice of the Peace.
On 23rd March 1882, just over seven years married and at the age of only sixty two, tragedy struck. John’s body was found in a reservoir near Parkhouse Farm, in what is now Parkhouse Walkway, off Parkhouse Road, Ardrossan. His death certificate states that he committed suicide by drowning.
The Glasgow Herald published an obituary. It read;
“It is with regret that we announce the sudden death of Mr John Moffat, superintendent of the Ardrossan Harbour. Mr Moffat came to Ardrossan forty years ago and has always been noted for his close attention to duty and great business aptitude. He was a member of the School Board and always took a ward interest in education and indeed in most public questions. He was a director of the Ardrossan Gas and Water Company and held a similar position in several other important companies throughout the county. He was also noted for many deeds of un-ostentatious charity and by his death, many of the poor in the locality are deprived of a kind and liberal friend. Mr Moffat was appointed Captain of the Ardrossan Volunteer Corps at its formation in 1860 and continued in that position for many years. Even after retiring, he took a warm interest in the Corps.”
Why would an apparently successful and esteemed man with a wife and two young children kill himself? A clue is given in the opening sentence of a testimonial in the Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald. It states;
“The late Mr John Moffat is one other victim to overwork. More than a quarter of a century ago, he succeeded his brother James in the management of the then Ardrossan Railway, afterwards incorporated into the Glasgow and South-Western Railway System and the Ardrossan Harbour. He had immense capacity for work and it was due to his foresight and untiring energy, while lessee of the Harbour, that some years ago, Ardrossan became one of the most ﬂourishing and best managed ports in the West of Scotland. With Messrs Henderson and Son, Belfast, he owned the magniﬁcent steamers of the Ardrossan Shipping Company. He opened up a most lucrative trade with Spain and for years has been one of a few gentlemen who were directors of more than half a dozen companies. He could take a singularly clear and strong grasp of any matter of business brought before him and few could excel him in his exposition of details. Only lately, after a meeting held in Saltcoats on the Water question, a gentleman present said to the writer that he could have listened to him all the evening. His position at the Harbour naturally gave him great inﬂuence in the place but the deceased gentleman would have commanded a foremost place anywhere. An excellent education had developed a love for the best literature and to an extensive acquaintance of the works of the best authors, there was added the culture which comes from travel in foreign countries and friendly personal intercourse with some oi the best informed and most learned gentlemen in the country. When the occasion required he could show considerable tact in dealing with an opposition. He had superior conversational powers, was a good speaker and a lecture which he delivered some years ago, at the request of the Library Committee – full of information relieved by happy strokes of humour – showed that even in this he would have excelled, had he given his mind to it. He was a prosperous man but, as he strongly disliked anything like ostentatious display, only a few knew how generously he bestowed money where help was needed. If the case was an urgent one he gave liberally and while we would have hesitated to approach him on a pure matter of business, if money was needed for a good cause, all hesitation vanished. We knew that we could get from him all that we wished for. For Mrs Moffat and his sisters, there is the deepest sympathy. It is felt that their sorrow is a calamity which even sympathy – the deepest and truest – can relieve but faintly’.
I find it hard to believe though that John would commit suicide because he was overworked. He could have retired happily and not worked another day in his life. My suspicious mind does make me wonder if it was suicide, an accident or something more sinister.
John’s widow, Jessie, remarried on 13th April 1886 in Dundonald. Her husband was Charles Edward Hay, a thirty-six year old bachelor chemical manufacturer. Charles was the son of Sir John Hay, Seventh Baronet of Hay and Sheriff Substitute of Stirlingshire.
Jessie died on 17th November 1931.
John’s children also had notable lives; The Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald reported that on 30th July 1901, Edith “daughter of the late John Moffat, Ardrossan, and Mrs Jessie Hay of Castlehill, Ayr, was married to Captain Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn of Wedderburn, Kirkhill, Fife. The Reverend George Grub, rector and Reverend Alexander Copland, senior curate officiated at the ceremony. The bride was given away by her brother John Moffat. Mr Norman Lamont, younger of Ardlamont was best man“.
Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn was the Tenth Earl of Dundee. His and Edith Moffat’s son, Henry James Scrymgeour-Wedderburn (1902–1983), was the eleventh Earl of Dundee.
Among several military and political posts, he was Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1936 to 1939 and 1941 to 1942.
Henry’s son, Alexander Henry Scrymgeour, the Twelfth Earl of Dundee has been a member of the House of Lords since 1983 and still attends.
Edith died in Edinburgh on 16th October 1967.
On 21st November 1902, the local paper stated that “Mr John Moffat, who has been unanimously adopted as Unionist candidate for Paisley, is a son of the late Mr John Moffat, Ardrossan. He is about twenty-four years of age and was educated at Cheam, Eton and Cambridge where he is said to have made a special study of mathematics, chemistry and political economy”. John did not win the next election. He then pursued a career as a merchant.
On 19th January 1926, John married Fern Clarisse King in Paris. Fern was the daughter of Lloyd Stanley King, a man of independent means. It appears that John continued to live in France where he was still resident in 1950.
Although John Moffat’s life had a sad ending, he left a distinguished family and played a prominent part in the industrial and community life of Ardrossan. He was clearly held in high regard by his contemporaries who symbolised their affection by the installation in 1889 of a large circular window in his memory which dominates the in the Barony St John Church. May John Moffat rest in peace.
Many thanks to George McGrattan for writing most of this article.
Way back in March 2016, I told you about the circular window in the hall building which had a Star of David inside it and I mentioned that there was a large circular window in the main church building which had been boarded since the late 1990’s / early 2000’s, and that I didn’t know what this window looked like.
What was behind the boarding has remained hidden and it is our hope that one day we can make the window safe and have it uncovered again for the public to view but in the meantime, a local resident has come to me with some photos showing the window underneath in all its glory.
The window is not plain glass like the hall window but stained glass – and the colours and intricate patterns are amazing.
In the centre of the window there is an intertwined IHS symbol which is an abbreviation of IHSOUS or “Jesus” in Latinised Greek. The symbol is used in many Christian churches and you may just be able to make it out on the red velvet drape hanging over the pulpit below the organ pipes in the above photo showing the entire church wall, alter and organ.
In the close-up photo below, you may also be able to make out that there is an inscription around the circumference of the window. The upper line reads;
“In loving memory of John Moffat, died March 23rd 1882.”
But the lower line is harder to read as some of the words are obscured so I can only read;
“He rest from his ………. works do allow him.”
If anyone has any more information on this window, what the full inscription says or who John Moffat was, please do get in touch.
The only two pieces of information I can find, which may or may not be the same Mr Moffat, were obtained from the Glasgow Herald.
The first dated 17th March 1874 in an article titled “Ardrossan – Volunteer Ball”.
It mentions the annual ball of the 4th Ayrshire (Ardrossan) Artillery Volunteers which took place in the Good Templars’ Hall. It discusses the event and then says;
“Mr Moffat then presented to the corps a beautiful set of brass musical instruments subscribed for by several gentlemen in the town.”
Is this the same Mr Moffat?
He must have been well known as other people are mentioned by name and then have their job detailed (Mr Barrs the music instructor, Mr Cowan the treasurer to the corps and Mr Phillips of the coastguard) but there is no mention of who Mr Moffat is or what he does.
Presumably, he was so well known that readers, even in Glasgow, would have known him by name only.
The second article was published on 19th NOVEMBER 1874 and identifies the person as JOHN Moffat so it maybe our man;
The article is titled “Ardrossan Rejoicing” reports;
“Yesterday in recognition of the marriage of Mr. JOHN MOFFAT with Miss ARTHUR of Barshaw, all the vessels in the harbour (of which Mr. Moffat is superintendent) were gaily decorated with bunting, and several of the public buildings also displayed flags.
The volunteer fired 13 rounds from the big guns at the battery, and met again in the evening, when they fired a feu de joie.
The harbour employees were suitably entertained in the evening.”
If this is the same John Moffat whose death in 1882 is recorded, he married in 1874 and was died only eight years later.
Hopefully you can help me solve this puzzle and reveal who John Moffat was and why he was so well known.
Oh, and one last thing, I have completely mislaid the name of the person who gave me the photos of the church window – if it was YOU, can you get in touch so I can publicly thank you? Cheers.
Goodbye for now.
Once again I feel I must begin with a huge “Thank you” to members of the local community who have read my articles and then taken the time to contact me, giving me more information on the history of the Barony St John and its contents.
Over the past few blog posts, I’ve shown how present and former Ardrossan / Three Town residents have revealed the background of the marble baptismal font at the entrance of Barony St. John’s church; shown that the hall building was much larger in times gone by; uncovered a hidden history of the James Mutter stained glass windows; unveiled the beautiful, large, circular stained glass window in the Barony St. John building and now this week I will give you another update;
I was contacted again by Jim Miller whom you may remember featured in a post, The Matchstick Man, last year.
Jim is better known as the “Matchstick Man” as he builds matchstick models of churches in Ayrshire and beyond.
In my original article, I was trying to locate the model of the Barony St John which Jim had gifted to the church around 1998/99. It turned out that when the Barony St. John’s congregation moved to Kirkgate Parish Church in Saltcoats after their church closed, they took their matchstick model with them and it is on display with the Kirkgate model.
Jim told me the Barony St John model took four months to complete and was made from between 15-20,000 matches and it is truly a work of art.
But recently Jim got in touch with an update – he has made another two church models, one of which is Tarbolton Parish Church which he presented to its congregation in January 2018;
And another is of Fenwick Parish Church which he plans to present later on in the year to celebrate its 375th anniversary.
I’m sure you’ll agree that they are absolutely stunning and the attention to detail is outstanding.
Many thanks once again for your support and please do keep contacting me with updates and information. It really is heartwarming to know that the local community treasures the Barony St John buildings as much as, if not more than I do and are keen to have its historical value preserved for future generations.
If you would like to know more about my charity, The Scottish Centre for Personal Safety, please visit our website http://www.ScotCPS.org.uk or look us up (ScotCPS) on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter.
Goodbye for now.
How can this be our 3rd Easter Egg Hunt at the Barony St John?
After finding their golden egg and smaller eggs hidden around the church, I followed on from last year’s theme and gave my kids a clue as to the whereabouts of their main egg.
Daniel’s clue was;
1st word = “This can be found before chute,glide and dise” and “this may not be bottomless (rhymes with wit) – it was at this point that Gemma shouted out “Git”.
2nd word = “This can be an entrance or an exit or even a jar”.
The answer was Parapit door.
Gemma’s clue was;
1st word = “The opposite of outside”
2nd word = “Heart, lungs, liver, etc”
The answer was Inside organ.
Once again, two happy kids………for another year.
Hope you all had a Happy Easter. 🙂
I never quite understood why the church changed its name.
You see, when the original Ardrossan Parish Church (built in 1744) in what is now Saltcoats became too small to hold the growing congregation, a new church was built in Ardrossan in 1844 and it was named the New Ardrossan Parish Church – and it kept this name until 1929 when it was changed to The Barony Church.
Apparently, Ardrossan was made a municipal borough or “Burgh of Barony” in 1846.
Now having lived in the Royal Burgh of Dornoch near the Royal Burgh of Tain in the Scottish Highlands, I knew of “Royal Burghs” but I hadn’t heard of “Burghs of Barony”.
After some investigative work, it would seem that “Burghs of Barony” were different from “Royal Burghs” in that the title was granted to a landowner who, as a Clan Chief or Tenant-in-Chief, held estates directly from the Crown.
Between 1450 and 1846, over three hundred Burghs of Barony were created and the last one, in 1846, was Ardrossan.
From 1833, in accordance with the Burgh Police (Scotland) Act, residents in Burghs of Barony were allowed to form a Police Burgh governed by elected Police Commissioners. This gave the Burgh the power to create their own policing, road systems, paving, lighting, sewer systems, water systems, etc. and basically improve community life.
In some cases the Burgh of Barony existed alongside the Police Burgh and by 1893 all remaining Burghs of Barony were abolished in accordance with the Burgh Police (Scotland) Act 1892.
(Just out of curiosity I researched the police situation in Ardrossan and found that Ayrshire Constabulary was set up in 1839 and covered the whole of Ayrshire until it amalgamated in 1975 with others forces to become Strathclyde Police.)
So although I still don’t know exactly why the New Ardrossan Parish Church changed its name to The Barony Church in 1929, it does explain what the name Barony means and where it comes from.
I’m guessing that it was originally known locally as simply “the Parish Church” and when the parish became a Barony, it was known informally by the locals as “the Barony Church” and eventually, they decided to make that its official name.
The only other change took place in 1985 when St. John’s Church in Ardrossan closed down and was amalgamated with The Barony to become the Barony St. John’s Church – but locally, it has always been known as simply “The Barony”.
When I bought the buildings from the Church of Scotland in 2014, I didn’t really want it to be called the Barony St. John’s Church as I felt that, as it was no longer a church, this would be wrong (the apostrophe “s” basically means that the Church belongs to Barony St John).
I put a post out on Facebook and an article in the Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald asking what local residents wanted the hall building to be renamed. The majority said; “It will always be The Barony no matter what you name it” but the second most popular name was the “Liberty Hall”, probably due to the fact that a few weeks beforehand I made public my plans to open a William Wallace Visitor Centre in the Church building.
Somehow, this seemed wrong, and somewhat ironic, to change the historical name of a building I was trying to save because of it’s historical value. So I decided to keep it as The Barony St John although you may have noticed that I no longer refer to it as a church but as a Centre and I have dropped the apostrophe “s” – what I mean by that is that is it is not The Barony St. John’s Centre.
Although it’s a minor point, I was surprised to receive a few complaints from people saying it was Barony St. John’s NOT Barony St. John, with one person saying that dropping the apostrophe “s” was sacrilege.
I wonder what they would have said if I had renamed it The Liberty Hall.
But I think the majority of locals are right, it will always be The Barony and if there wasn’t already a former church and now a museum called The Barony in West Kilbride, I would have renamed it simply that. But I think The Barony St. John Centre is a good compromise. Hopefully you agree.
Until next time,